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Zoonotic Diseases in Dogs
General

What is a zoonotic disease?

Zoonotic disease or zoonoses are terms used to describe an infection or disease that can be transmitted from an animal to a human being.

Are there many zoonoses?

Altogether, well over a hundred diseases are capable of being transmitted from animals to humans, although most are rare in North America. All domestic animals including dogs, cats, birds, horses, cows, sheep, goats and rabbits can potentiall... Read More

Antibody Titers
General

What are antibodies?
Antibodies are specialized proteins, also called immunoglobulins that are primarily found in the bloodstream. They are produced by specialized white blood cells called plasma cells, a form of lymphocyte. Specific antibodies are generated in response to the different foreign substances (for example bacteria, viruses, toxins) that the body encounters, and provide varying lengths of immunity against these substances.

What does an antibody titer mean?... Read More

Leptospirosis in Dogs - Testing
General

What is Canine Leptospirosis? 

Leptospirosis is an infectious disease caused by a bacterium called Leptospira. Infection often causes serious damage to the kidney and liver, and can be fatal in severe cases. The organism is transmitted in the urine of infected animals and can survive in the environment for long periods of time, especially in warm stagnant water or moist soil. Wild animals, including the skunk, raccoon, opossum, rat, wolf, and deer, are an important source of infection.

How are dogs infected? 

Most dogs are inf... Read More

Leptospirosis in Dogs
General

What is leptospirosis?

Leptospirosis is a bacterial disease of dogs and other mammals that primarily affects the liver or kidneys. Leptospires are known as "aquatic spirochetes": the organism thrives in water and they have a helical or spiral shape with a characteristic hook on one or both ends.


There are many species and serovars of Leptospira, some of which cause disease in dogs. In the past, the usual serovars that affected dogs were Leptospira canicola and Leptospira icterohemorrhagiaeRead More

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