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Canine Influenza by Frank Utchen, DVM
General

What is Canine Influenza?

Let's start with what an influenza virus is. Influenza viruses are a group of viruses. There are three types of influenza viruses: Type A (including the canine influenza virus), Type B, and the less closely related Type C. They produce fever, joint pain, and respiratory signs with which we are all familiar. Death is unusual but stems from respiratory complications and is most common in the very old and very young.

The virus has on its surface an assortment of proteins that determine its “strain” or subtype, and it is against these surface proteins that our bodies mount an immune response. If a viral ... Read More

Adolescent Dogs by Frank Utchen, DVM
General

Dr. Utchen, we adopted an 8-month old Labrador who is a wonderful family member. However, he is so hyper that he is wearing us out. How can we get him to calm down? Signed, "Dog Tired" 

Dear D.T., 

You have adopted a teenager. The adolescent dog, like the adolescent human, has an immature brain in a body that's nearly the size of an adult. The dog's maturing process resembles the human teenager in several ways, and your canine needs similar guidance during this difficult stage of life.

Dogs are highly instinctive animals who have difficulty understanding human ... Read More

Allergies, Canine
General

What is an allergy?

An allergy is a state of over-reactivity or hypersensitivity of the immune system to a particular substance called an allergen. Most allergens are proteins. The allergen protein may be of insect, plant or animal origin. Repeated exposures  to the allergen may over-sensitize the immune system, such that a subsequent exposure to the same or related allergen causes an over-reaction. This means that the immune response, which normally protects the dog against infection and disease, can actually be harmful to the body.

What are the symptoms of allergies in dogs?

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